Continuing my re-posting of 25 days celebrating herbs mentioned in the bible, here are days 4, 5 & 6 featuring:
Cassia, Chamomile and Chicory
Herb: Cassia (Cinnamomum iners) Exodus 30, Psalm 45:8, Job 42:14
Like True Cinnamon (Day 3 Cinnamon zeylanicum), Cassia is mentioned in the bible for its perfume and scenting properties in anointing oil, and was traded in commerce. Job named his second daughter after the herb (Keziah, Job 42:15 Nowhere in all the land were there found women as beautiful as Job's daughters, and their father granted them an inheritance along with their brothers.) We can believe that he must have thought them very special to name one after a valuable trading spice and to grant them an inheritance.
(Image: source: Naturalis Biodiversity Center/Wikimedia Commons)
Make cinnamon sugar for dusting pancakes, waffles, oatmeal or the top of whipped cream desserts. I keep a shaker jar of cinnamon sugar in the pantry right next to the salt and pepper.
To make a large amount, combine:
1/2 cup sugar
2 tablespoons ground cinnamon
Store in glass away from light and moisture.
A small shaker jar holds quite a bit less. So adjusting for the size of your shaker, 1 part cinnamon to 4 parts sugar, = 1 teaspoon of cinnamon to 4 teaspoons of sugar. Add several grains of rice to the shaker to keep the mix from clumping if moisture gets in.
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Herb: Chamomile -- Isaiah 40:6 "All people are like grass, and all their glory is like the flowers of the field"
Chamaemelum nobile, is the herb most known for its calming and sleep aid properties. Perhaps no other herb is quite as useful as Chamomile to take the edge off some the frensy which accompanies holiday preparations (except maybe Lavender - Day 12)
CHAMOMILE OR CAMOMILE...anyway you wish to spell it,
this herb is worth finding and keeping near by.
By: Catherine, The Herb Lady, Originally published in the East Valley Tribune December 27, 2003
It is said of Chamomile "May all your wishes come true" (in the language of herbs and flowers-Flora's Dictionary by Kathleen Gips), and that would be appropriate for this hectic but happy season of the year.
So sit down with a relaxing cup of chamomile tea, put your feet up and I will tell you about this simple herb.
There are actually a couple of species of Chamomile (the usual American spelling); German Chamomile, matricaria recutita (aka M. chamomilla); annual used in teas and cosmetics; Roman Chamomile, chamaemelum nobile (aka Anthemis nobilis), perennial used in teas, cosmetics and lawns; English Chamomile, chamaemelum nobile 'Treneague' is a perennial non-flowering variety of the Roman species used in the popular "chamomile lawn" of England; and a dyer's herb (yellow coloring) Golden Marguerite, dyers's chamomile, (Anthemis tinctoria 'Kelwayi').
The tea you are drinking is most likely the Roman variety which most people prefer.
The apple scented daisy-like flowers and leaves are a calmative (meaning calming) agent, used for insomnia, nerves, as a digestive aid, and there is some research going on into its anti-inflammatory properties. Teas are generally made from the flowers, but if you grow your own, you can use the leaves also.
A note of caution. Chamomile is a member of the Compositae (daisy) family, and as such some people are allergic to the flower tea (if you have ever had a "morning after" type headache after sipping chamomile you may be allergic to these types of flowers). A leaf tea may not cause the reaction, although leaf alone is inferior in its actions.
Chamomile has traditionally been used as a hair rinse for blonde or light colored hair to enhance the highlights (Rosemary does the same for brunets).
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Herb: Chicory, (a bitter herb of the Bible) Numbers 9:11
The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. Exodus 12:8 They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
Hanukkah (Dates vary each year)
The Bitter Herbs used in Hanukkah Celebrations is symbolic of the bitterness of slavery in Egypt
Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday commemorating the re-dedication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire. Hanukkah is observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar, which may occur at any time from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar. It is also known as the Festival of Lights and the Feast of Dedication. See wikipedia for more history and information.
Feast of St. Nicholas called Nikolaos of Myra, was a historic 4th-century Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey). -- Wikipedia
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